Is Shame Hallucinogenic?

I published a new paper this month about whether shame has the potential to be hallucinogenic.

The paper is Open Access and hence free to read, so if you’re interested, here’s the link:

Any feedback is very welcome.


2 thoughts on “Is Shame Hallucinogenic?

  1. I skimmed the paper. I’d need to read it in detail to give any direct feedback. But some thoughts occurred to me. I think it was Tanya M. Luhrmann who studied voice-hearing in different countries. Culture seems to have a major impact on such experiences, specifically what kinds of voices people hear and what they say, and this involves the emotional component of or response to voice-hearing.

    What occurs to me is that shame is very much a social emotion. There has been a lot of research on shame culture, guilt culture, honor culture, trust culture, etc. There has also been research on differences of personality traits across populations. Voice-hearing would be correlated to fantasy-proneness and Hartman’s thin boundary types, those being correlated to FFM openness and MBTI intuition.

    By the way, many early 20th century anthropologists were influenced by Carl Jung’s book on personality types. They took it as a useful model for studying different cultures. One specific anthropologist who was influenced by Jung was Ruth Benedict. She went onto write “The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture” (1946), a comparison of shame culture and guilt culture. Benedict was an influence on E. R. Dodds’ “The Greeks and the Irrational” and that was an influence on Julian Jaynes’ theory of the bicameral mind.

    I would assume that many factors would contribute to shame in relation to voice-hearing. But it might be useful to put those factors in a larger societal context, as part of the functioning of an entire culture and social order. Maybe you covered some of that in your paper. When I have more time on the weekend, I’ll look at it more closely.

  2. I have a question for you. Voice-hearing obviously involves language. Has there been analysis and comparison of voice-hearing in different languages?

    I was thinking of Daniel Everett’s writing on the Amazonian Piraha. His focus was on linguistics. In his book on the Piraha, he mentions some incidents that could be related to voice-hearing. But I don’t think he ever discusses it further in terms of language.

    Among many others, his son Caleb Everett has written about the research on linguistic relativity. I can’t help thinking that this could relate to voice-hearing. There has been much interesting info coming out about how language effects cognition, perception, and behavior.

    It was just something I was wondering about. Are there specific patterns of language and communication as part of shame and voice-hearing?

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